Evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene variants Download PDF EPUB FB2
This report describes the results of an experimental effort on evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene (Al'lK) variants developed by Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) to improve the dissolution rate of mist suppression polymers in Jet A. Dissolution.
Get this from a library. Evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene variants: final report. [A Yavrouian; Federal Aviation Administration Technical Center (U.S.); Jet Propulsion Laboratory (U.S.);]. Antimisting Kerosene: Evaluation of Improved. FM-9 Additive. Yavrouian P. Parikh V.
Sorohia Jet Propulsion Laboratory. California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California. June This document is available to the U.S. public. through the National Technical Information.
Service, Springfield, Virginia US Deportment of. Fuel oil and kerosene sales [microform] Fuel oil and kerosene sales [electronic resource] Fuel oil and kerosene sales [electronic resource] Evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene variants [microform]: final report / A.
Yavrouian [et al.] The care and operation of petrol engines kerosene. Evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene (AMK) variants developed by Imperial Chemical Industries (ICI) to improve the dissolution rate of mist suppression polymers in Jet A is discussed.
The additive, ICI's FM-9, a high molecular-weight long chain polymer, when blended with Jet-A fuel, forms antimisting kerosene (AMK). AMK had demonstrated the capability to inhibit ignition and flame propagation of the released fuel in simulated impact tests.
AMK cannot be introduced directly into a gas turbine engine due to several possible problems such as clogging of filters.
This report discusses the evaluation of FM-9 variant which has a better dissolution rate and, consequently, better degradability and compatibility with engine filters and the fuel control system.
This additive is the latest development in the FM-9 variants formulations and was used in the Controlled Impact Demonstration (CID). Evaluation of FM-9 antimisting kerosene variants. Article. Oct ; Antimisting kerosene: evaluation of low-temperature performance.
Final report, March December Evaluation of FM9. These results are presented in this fashion in Fig 9. Nu x JET A * AMK *I XX O AMK #2 xx Boa I 09 09y o~0 Res Fig 8 Heat transfer results for antimisting kerosene and Jet A Solvent Reynolds number representation (AMK #1 0 `6 FM-9, 8 days old, AMK #2 0 FM-9, 2 days old, average of measurements between x/D = and The FM-9 solution was supplied as a % concentration in JP Lower concentrations of additive were obtained by appropriate dilution with neat JP Upon comparing the FM-9 data with the PIB data it is evident that the mass median diameter decreases more rapidly for the FM-9 material than for the PIB as the concentration of additive decreases.
CiteSeerX - Document Details (Isaac Councill, Lee Giles, Pradeep Teregowda): DOT/FAA/CT-TN86/51 Approved for FAA use only. This document is exempted from public availability due to proprietary information.
Disclosure of this document outside the FAA must have prior approval. Evaluation of FM-9 Antimisting Kerosene Variants A. Yavrouian. Parikh. Bernal. Sarohia Jet Propulsion Laboratory California Institute of Technology Pasadena, California.
September Final Report. This document is available to the U.S. public through the National Technical Information Service, Springfield, Virginia US. *FM Distribution Restriction: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. *This manual supersedes TCdated 26 August C12H were used to represent kerosene, whereas C12H'9 was used to replace RP The simplistic nature of these one-formula fuel models makes them easy to use.
However, these simple formulas also present subtle problems when used in performance calculations. For example, when comparing to the physical-chemical properties of kerosene and RP. Kerosene is composed chiefly of hydrocarbons containing 12 or more carbon atoms per molecule.
The essential properties of kerosene are flash point, distillation range, burning characteristics, sulfur content, color, and cloud point.
Acids can be present in kerosene aviation turbine fuels due to acid treatment during refining. I used 2 kerosene heaters in my garage to keep it warm while we are out there. This has the same power as my 2- 10, btu heaters, and no smell. The tanks last a long time.
I used a 1/4 full tank for 2 weeks on high for about 2 hours a day. I would have filled my kerosene heaters at least 1 time during that time frame if not 2 times. The compatibility of antimisting kerosene (AMK) with a contemporary fuel system was evaluated, AMK made with the FM-9 additive to the base fuel was used throughout the program.
Tests were conducted to determine the effects AMK had on the components and system performance, and the effects components and the system had on the fuel. THE USE OF ANTIMISTING KEROSE!iE (AMK) IN TURBOJET ENGINES Harold W.
Schmidt NASA Lewis Research Center SUMMARY Test conducted by the FAA have demonstrated the crash-fire resistance of antimisting kerosene (AMK), a jet fuel containing an antimisting additive.
D Standard Specification for Kerosine fuel oils~ NoK Kerosene~ NoK Kerosene~. *This publication supersedes FM4 Novemberand FM2 July FM _____ ii Page Chapter 3 MUNITIONS SUPPLY PROCEDURES. Kerosene, flammable hydrocarbon liquid commonly used as a fuel. Kerosene is typically pale yellow or colourless and has a not-unpleasant characteristic odour.
It is obtained from petroleum and is used for burning in kerosene lamps and domestic heaters or furnaces, as a fuel or fuel component for. INDUSTRY STANDARD SPECIFICATION FOR KEROSENE (ASTM D SUMMARY) 1-K 2-K Color (Saybolt No., minimum) Clear (+16) Clear (+16) Sulfur, % wt., max.
A Distillation Temp., °F 10% recovered, max. End Point, max. Flash Point, °F, minimum Freezing Point, °F, max.
Viscosity @ 40°C, cSt minimum maximum 1. Data Evaluation p. Chemical Downwind Message q. Preparing the Chemical Downwind Message r. Atmospheric Stability Charts s. Temperature Gradients t. Simplified Hazard Prediction u. Duration of Agent v. Chemical Downwind Hazard Prediction w.
Type of Attack x. Air-Contaminating Agents-Type A y. Ground-Contaminating Agents-Type B z. Plotting the.
Discussion—Permeance is a performance evaluation and not a property of a material. water vapor transmission rate—the steady water vapor ﬂow in unit time through unit area of a body, normal to speciﬁc parallel surfaces, under speciﬁc conditions of temperature and humidity at each surface.” 4.
Summary of Test Methods. FM-9, (b) % FM-9 (c) % FM-9 (see text for discussion of pass/fail criterion). Figure Combustion temperatures for % FM-9 vs. peak airspeed measured with FCTA. Thermocouple located 25 cm downstream from torch (x/D = 10). Figure Reduced wing shear temperature vs.
downstream distance for Jet A. Figure The research program to develop and evaluate FM-9 came to be known as the antimisting kerosene (AMK) program. Inantimisting kerosene was considered "the concept that has the greatest potential for reducing post-crash fire risk" by a Special Aviation Fire and Explosion Reduction (SAFER) Advisory Committee (FAA, ).
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The purpose of this guidance is to provide information to assist in the design of an appropriate program of nonclinical studies for the development of anticancer pharmaceuticals. Kerosene DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION: Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
*This publication supersedes FM9 Mayand FMto ensure understanding and complete evaluation. Write your comments on a DA Form (Recommended Changes to Publications and Blank Forms) or in a letter, and send them to.
The ASTM F specification covers several common electrodeposited coatings on threaded fasteners. The below chart details the various types of coatings, thicknesses, and optional chromates.Knowledge-based machine indexing from natural language text: knowledge based design, development and maintenance by Michael T Genuardi (Book) NASA scientific and technical information standards by United States (Book).Aviation safety means the state of an aviation system or organization in which risks associated with aviation activities, related to, or in direct support of the operation of aircraft, are reduced and controlled to an acceptable level.
It encompasses the theory, practice, investigation, and categorization of flight failures, and the prevention of such failures through regulation, education.